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General description
As a packaging company, we are forced to deal with sustainability topics to be raised.
Here, we will talk about four types of packaging:
General description
As a packaging company, we are forced to deal with sustainability topics to be raised.
Here, we will talk about four types of packaging:
The best way to reduce plastic waste is handling with reusable packaging.

If the packaging has already been produced, we need to use it as many times as possible. This is the main idea.

As a consumer, you can use reusable bags, for example. But many products can't be purchased without any packaging. Without dispensing solution for laundry detergent, you can't buy it even in your bottle.

Until recently, reusable packaging mostly applied to reusable pallets, bulk containers, and wraps. But now, such companies as Loop and RePack have raised usual consumer packaging like bags and cans to new consumption levels.

If you are a local manufacturer and don't have enough resources to be a partner of Loop or other similar companies, don't be upset. You still have a chance to replace some percentage of your packaging with reusable products. For example, if you are a coffee roaster, clearly most of your customers are regulars. That means you can improve the consumer experience by offering coffee in reusable packaging with an improved look and functionality (for example, double-walled metal cans that keep coffee fresh).

Recyclable packaging is a consensus between a need to use plastics and the available options to handle the unstoppable packaging production.

We won't go into detail here. We all know significant recyclable marks:

- PET (1)
- HDPE (2)
Also, depending on the area, PP(5) and LDPE (4) can be recycled, too.

PVC(3), PS(6), and Other (7) can't be recycled.
We usually work with Other (7) in our everyday operations. The most popular materials are:

-Craft paper+MPET+PE.

They all are non-recyclable materials. Sometimes we receive questions like: We are ordering Craft paper+MPET+PE bags, so can we declare that we are using eco-friendly packaging? The answer is always: No.

The thing is that multilayer materials and all by-products can't be named eco-friendly except compostable materials that will be discussed below.
Biodegradable packaging
Bio-something packaging and labeling, such as biobased materials, bioplastics, biodegradable, are commonly used.
Let's have a short quiz:

Biodegradable – a generic term that indicates a polymer is biologically available for microbial decomposition, with no detail on breakdown products, time or extent of degradation or end environments.

Bioplastic or biopolymer – a polymer that is either biodegradable or made from renewable material, or both.

Biobased – a material or product that is (at least in part) derived from biomass.

In other words, there is no restricted time for biodegradable material to be broken down. It can take a year or a hundred years. Therefore, using the word "Bioplastic" doesn't tell you anything about its performance in the environment, or its recyclability. Bio-derived plastic can also be a mixture of plastics derived from both feedstocks, modern plants, and fossil fuels.

There is so much confusion, and we hope that soon, the consistent labeling on all BIO packaging will be implemented at the international level.
Compostable packaging
– aerobic process designed to produce compost, whereby a product undergoes degradation.
In other words, packaging should break down in a specified time and specified environment.

You should remember that all compostable packaging is biodegradable, but not all biodegradable packaging is compostable.

There are two types of composting:

- industrial composting
- home composting.

Most of the packaging materials fit industrial composting or home, but there is a cohort of companies that are developing materials for both types of composting processes.